What is Diabetes?
If a person doesn’t create enough insulin, or their tissues do not really respond appropriately to insulin, they have diabetes. It affects metabolism in several other ways.
Diabetes is a condition that develops when your blood glucose, often known as blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your primary source of energy, and it is obtained from the foods you consume. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, aids in the transport of glucose from food into your cells for use as energy. Sometimes your body does not produce enough or any insulin, or it may not use insulin effectively. Glucose remains in your circulation and does not reach your cells as a result.
Food delivers glucose to the body, which the cells use as an energy source. The glucose will linger in the circulation if insulin is not accessible or does not operate properly to transport it from the bloodstream into the cells. Cells that don’t receive glucose are starved of the fuel they require to operate correctly, while high quantities of blood glucose are poisonous.
Types of Diabetes
The two types of diabetes are known as type 1 and type 2.
The vast majority of diabetics have type 2 diabetes. Diabetes affects more than 2.5 million Canadians and is on the rise. Type 2 diabetes affects almost a third of the population, many of whom are ignorant of their condition and do not receive the necessary treatment since the disease’s early signs are not readily apparent without testing.
Type 1 diabetes is caused mostly by a lack of insulin synthesis by the pancreas. Type 1 diabetes is almost always discovered in infancy or adolescence. People with Northern European heritage are more likely to develop type 1 diabetes.
One of the most prevalent causes of type 2 diabetes is insulin resistance. It primarily affects adults, although it can also affect children. Approximately 90% of those with type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese, and some have a family history of the condition. Type 2 diabetics may require insulin injections in the future. Individuals of Afro – Caribbean origin, as well as Hispanics and Asians, are more likely to be affected by this illness.
Causes of Diabetes
- Autoimmune diseases, like type 1 diabetes, are common. The immune system attacks and kills the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas due to a combination of hereditary predisposition and extra (as of yet unexplained) environmental influences. You can’t stop type 1 diabetes from happening.
- Insulin resistance is the ultimate reason for type 2 diabetes. To put it another way, the body can’t utilise insulin as efficiently as it should, regardless of how much is produced or taken in. As a consequence, glucose cannot be transported from the bloodstream into the cells as normally. Excess glucose in the blood poisons the pancreas over time, resulting in less insulin being produced and greater difficulty in controlling blood glucose levels.
- Approximately 90% of type 2 diabetic patients are overweight or obese, and obesity is a primary cause of insulin resistance. Type 2 diabetes is certainly caused by genetic factors as well. It’s been proven that having a history of the disease in your family increases your risk of acquiring it.
Type 2 diabetes risk factors include the following as well:
- Blood vessel disease in people 40 years old or older who are Indigenous or Hispanic or South Asian or Asian or African in descent (e.g., damage to blood vessels in eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart, brain, or arms and legs)
- an elevated heart rate or blood pressure
- pregnancy-related gestational diabetes and high cholesterol
Diagnosis of Diabetes
Diagnosing diabetes is as simple as doing a few blood tests. There are four tests available to determine if you have diabetes, and your doctor will likely use one of them.
- In the event that your blood sugar level is more than 7.0 mmol/L after fasting for at least eight hours – a condition known as fasting plasma glucose, your doctor may suspect diabetes. Prediabetes or impaired fasting glucose can be diagnosed by your doctor if your blood glucose level is between 6.1 and 6.9 mmol/L.
- In other words, your glycated hemoglobin level, or A1C, tells you how well you’ve managed your diabetes over the last two to three months. Your doctor diagnoses diabetes if your A1C is more than 6.5 percent.
- Prediabetes can be detected if HbA1C is around the range of 6% and 6.4 percent. An important distinction is that A1C cannot be used to identify people with type 1 diabetes as well as children, adolescents, and expectant mothers.
- In case your random plasma glucose level is 11.1 mmol/L or above, your doctor will diagnose diabetes no matter what time of day or what you’ve eaten recently.
- You must wait for at least 8 hours before doing the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), which involves drinking a 75-gram carbohydrate drink. Two hours after consuming the solution, your serum glucose is measured again. If your glucose level is greater than 11.1 mmol/L, you may be diagnosed with diabetes. If your blood glucose levels are between 7.8 and 11.1 mmol/L two hours after swallowing the solution, your doctor may suspect you have prediabetes. Gestational diabetes is best detected with this technique.
Your doctor may just need one test to identify diabetes or prediabetes if you are displaying symptoms (such as excessive urination or urination, decreased appetite). To be sure of the diagnosis, your doctor will order one of the blood tests to be repeated the next day (usually one week later).
Prevention and Treatment of Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is incurable and cannot be prevented at this time. Type 2 diabetes can be avoided, however, according to research, by making appropriate dietary and exercise modifications to one’s lifestyle.
Studies have also shown that some oral diabetic drugs may help persons with prediabetes avoid developing type 2 diabetes.
When it’s uncontrolled, diabetes can endure for the rest of one’s life. It should be well maintained around an optimal range when treating diabetes. This keeps diabetic symptoms at bay, as well as the long-term consequences that might arise from it. Diabetes may be managed with the support of a medical team that includes a doctor, dietitian, and other diabetes specialists.
In order to effectively treat diabetes, patients must dedicate a significant amount of time and resources to the process. If a patient is experiencing trouble controlling their diabetes, they should not be afraid to ask for support from a healthcare expert.
As part of a diabetic treatment plan, you’ll learn about the disease, how to control it, and how to avoid its more serious side effects. It’s your doctor’s or diabetes educator’s job to assist you to learn the information you need so that you can take control of your diabetes. Remember that gaining knowledge about diabetes and how to treat it will require effort and time. You can better control your diabetes by including loved ones or other important individuals in your life.
Although herbal blood sugar management solutions may be promoted, there isn’t enough high-quality research to back them up.
For people with type 1 diabetes, the only way to stay living is through taking insulin. Only a pancreatic or islet cell transplant may cure this condition, and even then, it’s only advised in a few select cases.
Type 2 diabetes therapy begins with dietary and activity modifications, as is the case with many other illnesses. Consult your doctor and a diabetes educator if you have type 2 diabetes so they can help you choose a healthy eating plan. You can also use Diabetrol A dietician may be recommended for you. Before commencing any exercise program that is more strenuous than walking, talk to your doctor to find out how much and what sort of exercise is acceptable for you.
Erectile Dysfunction and Diabetes
Erectile dysfunction has also been linked to other diabetes-related diseases in men, such as high blood pressure and heart disease. Diabetes may cause erectile dysfunction earlier in males than in men who do not have the condition. The inability to sustain an erection may even be before the diabetes diagnosis.
Here are some popular medicines for Erectile Dysfunction Treatment:
Please talk to your doctor before taking any medicines or treatment for Erectile Dysfunction or Diabetes