Cardiovascular disease Type, symptoms, causes and treatment

Cardiovascular disease : Type, symptoms, causes and treatment

What is cardiovascular disease?

Your cardiovascular system is in charge of preserving your heart in fantastic health and your circulation flowing smoothly. A person’s circulatory system is made up of several components.

Cardiovascular disease has surpassed all other causes of mortality in the world’s population. To be sure, you can lower your chance of contracting these diseases by taking preventative measures. In the event that something goes wrong, there are several ways to fix it.

Types of Cardiovascular disease:

There are several medical diseases that fall under the umbrella term “chronic venous thrombosis.” They might occur in tandem or lead to additional health problems or illnesses if left untreated.

Heart-related illnesses and diseases include:

  • angina, a kind of heart discomfort brought on by a reduction in blood flow to the heart
  • cardiac rhythm disorder sometimes referred to as arrhythmia
  • An issue with the heart’s structure or function is evident from birth in congenital heart disease coronary artery disease, which impacts the arteries feeding the heart muscle heart attack.
  • Any heart disease (heart failure) in which the heart muscle will lack to contract or relax normally (dilated cardiomyopathy) cardiovascular disease (hypertrophic cardiomyopathy) where the heart muscle becomes thicker and more difficult to relax as well as problems with blood flow and electrical instability develop
  • When the heart contracts, blood seeps back through the mitral valve, a condition known as mitral regurgitation.
  • It is also known as right-sided heart failure and is characterized by reduced blood flow from the right ventricle (the heart’s pumping chamber) to the pulmonary artery because of constriction (a blood vessel that carries deoxygenated blood to the lungs)
  • cardiovascular disease, including narrowing of the aortic valve, which can cut off blood flow exiting the heart, and stroke risk factors, such as atrial fibrillation.
  • Heart inflammation caused by strep throat can lead to rheumatic heart disease, which can impair the health of heart valves.
  • Cardio-irradiation illness, in which radiation to the chest causes damage to the heart’s valves and blood arteries.

The arteries, veins, and vessels all around the heart are affected by a wide range of diseases. They are as follows:

  • diabetes mellitus, an affliction marked by the development of insulin resistance and therefore reduced blood flow to the limbs
  • A rupture-prone arterial bulge or expansion is known as an aneurysm.
  • Plaque builds up inside the blood vessels, making it difficult for oxygen-rich blood to flow through.
  • blood flow obstruction in the renal arteries might cause elevated blood pressure.
  • In Raynaud’s disease, arteries spasm, and blood flow is briefly restricted.


The signs and symptoms might differ from one illness to the next. There may be no signs at the beginning of a disease like type 2 diabetes or hypertension.

However, the following are common signs and symptoms of a cardiovascular problem:

  • symptoms of angina include
  • tightness or discomfort in the chest.
  • arm, left shoulder, elbow, jaw, or back discomfort
  • a feeling of being out of breath
  • a feeling of sickness as well as exhaustion
  • dizziness or lightheadedness
  • a shivering sensation
  • Cardiovascular disease can induce symptoms in any part of the body, not only the ones listed below.


Depending on the type of Cardiovascular disease a person has, the optimal treatment approach will be determined.

However, there are a few possibilities: Medication to lower LDL cholesterol levels, enhance blood flow, or control heart rhythm surgery to repair or replace a heart valve. Exercise prescriptions and dietary advice are all parts of cardiac rehabilitation.

The treatment’s goal is to help patients:

  • alleviate the signs and symptoms
  • lessen the likelihood that the ailment or disease will return or worsen minimize the likelihood of consequences such as hospitalization or death
  • Stabilizing cardiac rhythms, reducing blockages, and relaxing arteries may also be attempted by a healthcare practitioner, depending on the issue.


Atherosclerosis can cause a variety of cardiovascular disease complications, including several forms of heart disease.

The circulatory system can be harmed by hyperglycemia, as well as other health conditions such as a virus, an inflammatory illness such as dilated cardiomyopathy, or a birth abnormality (congenital heart disease).

Cardiovascular disease is frequently the outcome of undiagnosed excessive blood pressure. People must be regularly screened for hypertension as a result.


A lot of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) can be prevented. Risk factors must be addressed by following these steps:

  • lowering alcohol and tobacco consumption
  • healthy eating, including plenty of fresh produce
  • the reduction of sodium and sugar intake, as well as staying away from foods high in saturated fat. Because the effects of Cardiovascular disease build up over time, unhealthy habits like eating too much sugar or not getting enough exercise may not cause Cardiovascular disease when someone is still young.

Continuing to be exposed to these risk factors, on the other hand, may make Cardiovascular disease more likely later in life.

Suggestions for a healthy lifestyle

  • Cardiovascular disease (CVD) can be prevented with regular exercise. Individuals can take the essential activities to reduce their risk of developing some of the problems associated with Cardiovascular disease.
  • Manage one’s body weight: According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disorders, losing 5–10 percent of one’s body weight can lower one’s chance of getting cardiovascular disease.
  • Try to get 150 minutes of moderate physical activity each week, as recommended by the American Heart Association (AHA). Every week, rely on trustworthy resources of moderate-to-intense physical activity.
  • Maintain a heart-healthy diet: Consuming foods high in polyunsaturated fatty acids and omega-3 fatty acids, such as oily fish, combined with fruits and vegetables, can help to maintain heart health and minimize the risk of cardiovascular disease. Reduced intake of processed foods, salt, trans fat, and processed sugar has a comparable effect as lowering intake of these nutrients.
  • Kick the habit: Vaping raises your chance of developing a variety of heart-related disorders. Despite the fact that quitting smoking might be difficult, taking measures to do so can significantly lessen the harmful effects tobacco has on the heart.

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