People with HIV don’t normally have symptoms immediately, so they may not realize they have it. It tends to be a long time before HIV makes you feel sick .
Early HIV symptoms
People generally look and feel absolutely healthy for quite a while after they’re infected. It can take 10 years or more for HIV to demonstrate any indications — or a whole lot longer than that for people who take HIV drugs. That is the reason it’s extremely essential to get tried for HIV normally, particularly If you’ve had unprotected sex or shared needles. HIV treatment can enable you to remain healthy. Treatment can also lower or even stop your chances of spreading HIV to other people during sex .
The initial 2-4 weeks after being infected with HIV, you may feel feverish, pain-filled, and sick. These flu like indications are your body’s first response to the HIV infection. During this time, there’s a great deal of the infection in your framework, so it’s extremely simple to spread HIV to other people. The manifestations keep going for half a month, and after that you for the most part don’t have side effects again for quite a long time. In any case, HIV can be spread to other people— regardless of whether you have side effects or feel sick .
PrEP can stop HIV from taking hold and spreading throughout your body. It is highly effective for preventing HIV if used as prescribed, but it is much less effective when not taken consistently. Daily PrEP reduces the risk of getting HIV from sex by more than 90% .
Later HIV/AIDS symptoms
HIV destroys cells in your immune system called CD4 cells or T cells. Without CD4 cells, your body experiences considerable difficulties warding off diseases. This makes you bound to become extremely ill from infections that generally wouldn’t hurt you. After some time, the harm HIV does to your immune system prompts AIDS .
You have AIDS when you get rare infections (called opportunistic diseases) or type of cancer, or If you’ve lost a certain number of CD4 cells. This normally occurs around 10 years in the wake of getting HIV in the event that you don’t get treatment. Treatment can defer or even keep you from ever developing AIDS .
The signs of AIDS include:
- Thrush (a thick, white coating on your tongue or mouth)
- Sore throat
- Bad yeast infections
- Chronic pelvic inflammatory disease
- Getting bad infections a lot
- Feeling really tired, dizzy, and lightheaded
- Losing lots of weight quickly
- Bruising more easily than normal
- Having diarrhea, fevers, or night sweats for a long time
- Swollen or firm glands in your throat, armpit, or groin
- Deep, dry coughing spells
- Feeling short of breath
- Purplish growths on your skin or inside your mouth
- Bleeding from the mouth, nose, anus, or vagina
- Skin rashes
- Feeling extremely numb in your hands or feet, losing control of your muscles and reflexes, not having the option to move, and losing strength in your muscles