What Is Ocular Hypertension?
The term ocular hypertension generally refers to any situation wherein the weight inside the eye, called intraocular weight, is higher than typical. Eye pressure is estimated in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). Ordinary eye weight ranges from 10-21 mm Hg. Ocular hypertension is an eye pressure of greater than 21 mm Hg .
Fluid (aqueous) is generally delivered inside the portion of the eye and leaves the eye through a drainage system located in the point of the eye. The balance between fluid creation and fluid drainage determines the weight inside the eye at some given time.
Despite the fact that its definition has developed as the years progressed, ocular hypertension is normally characterized as a condition with the following criteria:
An intraocular pressure of greater than 21 mm Hg as measured in one or both eyes on two or more occasions. Pressure inside the eye is measured using an instrument called a tonometer .
The optic nerve appears typical.
No indications of glaucoma are obvious on visual field testing, which is a test to assess your peripheral (or side) vision .
The angle through which the intraocular fluid drains is open. An ophthalmologist (a medical doctor who has experience in eye care and surgery) surveys whether your drainage system (called the point) is open or shut. The point is seen using a technique called gonioscopy in which a special contact lens is used to examine the drainage angles (or channels) in your eyes to check whether they are open, narrowed, or shut .
No indications of some other visual ailment are available that could add to raised intraocular pressure. Some eye diseases and medicines can expand the pressure inside the eye .
What Causes Ocular Hypertension?
Raised intraocular pressure is a worry in people with ocular hypertension since it is one of the main risk factors for glaucoma.
High pressure inside the eye is brought about by an imbalance in the creation and drainage of fluid in the eye (fluid diversion). The channels that regularly channel the fluid from inside the eye don’t work appropriately. More fluid is consistently being created however can’t be depleted as a result of the inappropriately working seepage channels. This outcome in an expanded measure of fluid inside the eye, along these lines raising the pressure .
Another approach to consider high pressure inside the eye is to imagine a shut, nonexpendable water holder. The more water that is put into the compartment, the higher the weight inside the holder. A similar situation exists with an excess of fluid inside the eye – the more fluid, the higher the weight. The optic nerve in the eye can be harmed by excessively high of a pressure .
Some alternative medicine approaches may help your general health, however, none is an effective Ocular Hypertension cure. Converse with your doctor about their potential advantages and risks.
Herbal remedies. Some herbal supplements, for example, bilberry extract, have been promoted as Ocular Hypertension cures. Be that as it may, further study is expected to demonstrate their adequacy. Try not to use herbal supplements instead of demonstrated treatments.
Relaxation techniques. Stress may trigger an attack of intense edge conclusion Ocular Hypertension. In case you’re at risk of this condition, find healthy approaches to adapt to pressure. Meditation and different techniques may help.
Marijuana. Research demonstrates that cannabis brings down eye weight in people with Ocular Hypertension, however just for three to four hours. Other, standard medicines are increasingly compelling. The American Academy of Ophthalmology doesn’t suggest cannabis for treating Ocular Hypertension .
Also, you can use medication to treat Ocular hypertension. Combigan Eye Drops is a combination of an alpha agonist and a beta-blocker that work to reduce pressure inside the eye used to treat glaucoma or ocular hypertension (high pressure inside the eye) .