HIV is an infection that attacks the immune system. It specifically focuses on a subset of white blood cells known as T cells. After some time, the harm to the immune system makes it progressively hard for the body to fight off infections and different diseases. As indicated by the World Health Organization, 40 million Trusted Source individuals are living with HIV. About 18 million Trusted Source individuals got treatment for HIV in 2016.
Although a dry cough is a common indication of HIV, it is not reasoned enough for concern. The intermittent dry cough can happen for a variety of reasons. For instance, a cough can happen because of sinusitis, heartburn, or even a reaction to cold air.
You should see your specialist if your cough continues. They can decide if there are any underlying causes. Your primary care physician will lead a comprehensive test, which may incorporate a chest X-ray to identify the reason. If you have hazard factors for HIV, your primary care physician may suggest an HIV test.
Other symptoms of HIV
Other early symptoms of HIV include:
- flu-like symptoms, for example, a fever above 100.4°F or muscle pain
- decreased appetite
- swelling of the lymph nodes in the armpit and neck
A few people may not experience any symptoms in the beginning times. Others may experience one or two symptoms.
As the infection progresses, the immune system debilitates. Individuals with further developed HIV may experience the following:
- oral thrush, which can cause white patches prone to bleeding and soreness
- a vaginal yeast infection
- esophageal thrush, which can prompt trouble swallowing
Certain groups do have a higher risk of contracting HIV than others.
- individuals who engage in sexual relations without condoms
- individuals who have another sexually transmitted infection (STI)
- individuals who use injection medication
- men who have sex with men
How is HIV analyzed?
Your specialist can only analyze HIV through appropriate blood testing. The most well-known technique is the enzyme connected immunosorbent assay. This test estimates the antibodies present in your blood. If HIV antibodies are identified, you can take a second test to affirm a positive result. This second test is called an immunoassay Trusted Source. If your second test also creates a positive result, then you believe will consider you to be HIV-positive.
It’s conceivable to test negative for HIV after exposure to the infection. This is because your body does not create antibodies immediately after exposure to the infection. If you have gotten the infection, these antibodies won’t be available for one to two months after exposure. This period is some cases alluded to as the “window period.” If you get a negative result and think you have been presented to the virus, you should get tested again in one to two months.
What you can do if you have HIV
If you test positive for HIV, you have choices. Though HIV is not as of now treatable, it’s often controllable with the utilization of antiretroviral therapy. When you take it effectively, this drug can enhance your personal satisfaction and prevent the beginning of stage 3 HIV.
In addition to taking your medication, it’s important to talk to your doctor regularly, and let them know about any changes in your symptoms. You should also tell previous and potential sex partners that you have HIV.
There’s no solution for HIV, but many different medications are accessible to control the infection. Such treatment is called antiretroviral therapy. Each class of medication hinders the virus in various manners. Antiretroviral treatment is now prescribed for everybody, regardless of CD4 T cell counts. It is prescribed to combine three medications from two classes to abstain from making drug-resistant strains of HIV.
Viraday medicine is a mixture of antiretroviral drugs that are very helpful in treating patients that suffer from Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV.